Beyond EU policy, the situation of the rule of law in Turkey, linked to an unconventional economic policy and the concentration of economic power in the hands of the President, has created a clear malaise in Turkish and European economic circles. However, it remains clear that the 23-year-old customs union has led to a massive transformation of Turkish manufacturing. The agreement also benefited European manufacturers by providing them with efficient and cost-effective production platforms, particularly in the automotive sector. In general, the EU remains a key partner for Turkey in trade, foreign direct investment and technology transfers. This interdependence works both ways. How about the aggressiveness towards European countries such as Greece and Cyprus (some of which have been invaded and occupied by Turkey for many years)? That is why the European Union has no future. If a third country is aggressive and takes military action against European members and you do not mention it, how do you expect Europe to develop and prosper? The agreement also established a joint ECSC/Turkey committee to resolve potential problems. The CSA remains a stand-alone agreement; Its rules of origin (ROC) have been adapted to the pan-Euro-Mediterranean system with effect on 1 March 2009.10 The AFTR is a result of Chapter IV of the Additional Protocol, which deals with agricultural trade. This has led Turkey to make increasingly strong commitments with other partners. For example, the free trade agreement signed on 15 November 2015 with Singapore is Turkey`s first comprehensive single-company agreement and includes commitments in areas such as intellectual property rights, e-commerce, competition and transparency. Nevertheless, the BPTF is obsolete on a number of important points due to the lack of coverage of services, direct light and public procurement; and has not contained anti-fraud provisions contained in EU trade agreements since 2001.
The BPTF is the result of the transition phase. It consists of the provisions of the EU-Turkey goods trade agreements since the Ankara Agreement, namely that, in regulatory areas, the obligation to reconcile legislation under the EC agreement has cooperated with the broader harmonisation process in many areas under free trade agreements such as intellectual property (IP) and competition policy (including rules on public enterprises). In these areas, the internalisation of the European acquis has had a greater impact on internal regulatory reform and Turkey`s alignment with modern practices than on the effects of EU free trade agreements with other partners. One of the main differences between Turkey and the United States is Ankara`s continued willingness to acquire the S-400 strategic weapons system from Russia in order to improve its air defence capabilities.