Since the Paris Agreement is expected to apply after 2020, the first formal inventory of the agreement will not be carried out until 2023. However, as part of a decision attached to the agreement, the parties decided to restart the five-year cycle with a “facilitation dialogue” on collective progress in 2018 and the presentation of the NDC by 2030 to 2020. The Paris Agreement is the first legally binding universal global agreement on climate change adopted at the Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21) in December 2015. International agreements are initially signed to indicate their intention to do so, but they only become binding through ratification. It may be an act of Parliament or some other formal adoption. Processes vary from country to country. Former U.S. President Barack Obama used controversial executive powers to ratify the 2016 Paris Agreement. Although the NDC of each contracting party is not legally binding, the contracting parties have a legal obligation to monitor their progress through expert technical reviews to assess performance towards the NDC and to find ways to strengthen ambitions.  Article 13 of the Paris Agreement establishes an “enhanced transparency framework for measures and support” that sets harmonised monitoring, reporting and verification (LVR) requirements. As a result, industrialized and developing countries must report every two years on their efforts to combat climate change, and all parties will be subject to technical and peer review.  The implementation of the agreement by all the Member States combined will be evaluated every five years, with the first evaluation in 2023.
The result will be used as an input for new national contributions from Member States.  The inventory will not be national contributions/achievements, but a collective analysis of what has been achieved and what remains to be done. Today, Marrakech`s global climate action partnership broadens and continues Lima Paris` agenda, and the NAZCA portal has been renamed the Global Climate Action Portal. They continued to support the implementation of the Paris Agreement by enabling cooperation between governments and cities, regions, businesses and investors who must act to combat climate change. The EU and its member states are individually responsible for ratifying the Paris Agreement. There was a strong preference for the EU and its 28 Member States to simultaneously table their ratification instruments to ensure that neither the EU nor its Member States commit to fulfil commitments that are strictly the other` and there was concern that differences of opinion on each Member State`s share of the EU reduction target and the British vote to leave the EU would delay the Paris Pact.  However, on 4 October 2016, the European Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement and the EU tabled its ratification instruments on 5 October 2016 with several EU Member States.  The NRDC is saddened to make the Global Climate Action Summit a success based on more ambitious commitments to the historic 2015 agreement and enhanced initiatives to reduce pollution.
The level of the NDC set by each country will determine the objectives of that country. However, the “contributions” themselves are not binding under international law because of the lack of specificity, normative nature or language necessary to establish binding standards.  In addition, there will be no mechanism to compel a country to set a target in its NDC on a specified date and not for an application if a defined target is not achieved in an NDC.   There will be only one “Name and Shame” system or as “I`m Our Pesztor,” the United States.