United States And Taliban Peace Agreement

The United States has pledged to withdraw all its armed forces – as well as allies, partners and civil security personnel – within 14 months of the signing of the agreement, until the Taliban proves its commitment to the agreement. Probably in good faith, the United States also committed to move its troops to 8,600 and withdraw them from 5 military bases within the first 135 days. Between April 29 and May 3, 2019, the Afghan government organized a four-day Loya-Jirga to discuss peace talks. The Taliban were invited, but they were not present. [85] Later in May, a third meeting was held in Moscow between a Taliban delegation and a group of Afghan politicians. [86] In August 2019, an eighth round of talks between the United States and the Taliban took place in Qatar. [87] The Washington Post reported that the United States was on the verge of a peace agreement with the Taliban and was preparing to withdraw 5,000 troops from Afghanistan. [88] In September, Khalilzad said that the United States and the Taliban had reached an agreement until Trump`s approval. However, less than a week later, Trump canceled peace talks in response to an attack in Kabul that killed an American soldier and 11 others. [90] After the failure of talks with the United States, the Taliban sent a delegation to Russia to discuss the prospects of withdrawing U.S.

troops from Afghanistan. [91] On September 18, 2019, the Taliban declared that if Trump decided to resume peace talks in the future, their “open doors” would be open. [92] In the face of these challenges, the risk of the peace process collapsing or innocuously is considerable. In both cases, U.S. pressure to withdraw U.S. troops from Afghanistan would likely increase. Some Republicans and Democrats are already in favour of a total withdrawal of American forces, regardless of the outcome of the negotiations. But that would be a mistake, especially if the Taliban are largely responsible. The United States still has interests in Afghanistan, such as preventing the country from becoming a sanctuary for international terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda and the Self-proclaimed Islamic State; preventing regional instability, given that Russia, Iran, Pakistan and India are competing to exert influence in Afghanistan; and to minimize the likelihood of a serious humanitarian crisis. The overthrow of the Afghan government by the Taliban would probably also be a blessing for Islamist extremists. Finally, a hasty withdrawal of the United States in the absence of a peace agreement would likely raise serious questions about the reliability of the United States on the part of its allies. Afghanistan`s stability is intrinsically linked to regional stability and security.

Destabilizing trends in neighbouring countries and their possible flooding to Afghanistan would likely jeopardize progress in the peace process. For the Taliban, internal divisions have made it more difficult to implement the agreement between the United States and the Taliban and have raised questions about the Taliban`s useful participation in intra-Afghanistan talks. Although the Taliban`s deputy leader, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, signed the agreement between the United States and the Taliban on behalf of the group, the Taliban are not a monolith. Many different political groups need to be recognized or considered in all negotiations. Some Taliban members have already refused to acknowledge the agreement and some may try to strengthen relations with the Islamic State in Chorasan. Given that some of these groups may not be willing to compromise, the prospect of further fragmentation within the movement could seriously hamper peace efforts. Afghanistan`s second vice president, Sarwar Danish, on Monday asked Biden`s new U.S. administration to reconsider ongoing peace talks with the Taliban. In February 2019, a new round of talks took place in Qatar, this time with Baradar in the Taliban delegation[79] – he had been released by Pakistan in October 2018 at the request of the United States.

[80] [81] Khalilzad stated that this round of negotiations was “more productive than in the past” and that a draft convention